Spring 2018

 

Welland Community Orchard is excited to announce our first generation of apple trees for sale from our on-site heritage collection & tree nursery! Have you been looking for a special tree that will be unique to you and help create memories of delicious fruit, cider and sauce for years to come? Do you want to help steward and protect the legacy of amazing apples that exist in our region? Do you want your purchase to support food access and food literacy programming in the CRD? We have the trees for you!

The Welland Community Orchard is a joint effort between the Town of View Royal and the LifeCycles Project Society. We have over 100 varieties of rare heritage apples in our community orchard, and together with many volunteers we have been busily caring for and propagating selected varieties from our collection. Our trees have been grown using only organic inputs, and are free of neonicotinoids and other toxic sprays. We’ll be digging trees late February into March as bare root trees, so place your orders now to secure the future fruit harvest you desire!

Trees are priced at $40, with all funds being reinvested into our educational programming at the orchard. View Royal residents receive a 25% discount, and community groups are also eligible for significant discounts. Payment due on pick up, in cash or cheque.

We do have a limited selection, so if you see a variety you’re interested in please contact us as soon as possible to express interest. We are also open to discussing custom grafting or scion orders from our entire orchard collection, as our capacity allows. For a complete list of the varieties that grow at the Welland Community Orchard click here.

Contact welland@lifecyclesproject.ca or call (250) 383 5800 for more information and to place an order!

Varieties Available Spring 2018

Apple & pear varieties are listed below alphabetically, with the roostock (size) they are available in following the name in brackets. The roostock descriptions are after the fruit variety list. Some of the varieties below are ones that the founder of our orchard, Rex Welland, collected and named himself, others are very rare and we have little information on them. These are great trees for a true fruit enthusiast and we’d love your help growing them out and collecting information on them!

Fruit Varieties (rootstock available this year)

Blenheim Orange (M26)

From Oxfordshire, c.1740.  All-purpose apple for both fresh-eating and cooking. Freezes well. Large fruit with flushed orange-red skin. Flesh pale cream, quite sweet, crisp, nutty, flavor. Harvest late Sept to mid Oct, good storage capability. Triploid, meaning pollen is sterile and can’t be used as a pollinator for other species. Partial tip-bearer. Vigorous, slow to bear, often biennial, but crops well.  Mildew resistant.  May get scab if rainfall heavy.

Chemainus Yellow (M9)

A local heritage variety! Likely found by Rex Welland the founder of our community orchard. Help us to learn more about this lovely apple by growing it! Based on our observations over the past few years, we know it is early ripening, and has a yellow skin. Well adapted to the region.

Duncan Green (M9)

Another local variety likely found by Rex Welland. Help us to learn more about this lovely apple by growing it! Based on our observations, we know it is early ripening, and has a greenish yellow skin with some russeting. It’s a very reliable producer and is well adapted to the region. Doesn’t appear to be a good storage variety – eat it fresh from the tree!

Florina (M7, M9, M111)

Variety originates in France 1977.  Medium-large fruit, skin yellow background, flushed purplish-red. Flesh is quite sweet, juicy, firm, good flavour. Versatile apple, considered a good cider apple, good fresh eating, cooking & storage qualities. Tree is moderate vigour, bears young, good cropper.  Resistant to scab & mildew.  Susceptible to canker.

Haux (aka Hauxapfel) (M7)

German variety introduced to North America in 1920. Known as a cider apple, very good for cooking and baking. Excellent eating for those who enjoy a crisp, tart apple. Medium to large fruit. Red stripes over green skin.

Jonagold (M7, M26)

Variety from New York, introduced 1943. Fruit is medium-large, round, gold skin, striped red, flushed with one-half to one-third orange red. Flesh is cream, sweet-sharp, juicy, crisp, aromatic, rich, honeyed. It ranks as one of the best dessert quality apples, yet tests have shown that it also has very good processing qualities. Harvest mid-Oct., good keeper – use Nov. to end of Jan. Triploid, meaning pollen is sterile and can’t be used as a pollinator for other species. Tree is high vigour, bears young, heavy cropper. Susceptible to scab, canker and mildew.

Karmijn de Sonnaville (M111)

Variety from Holland, 1971.  Considered to be one of the 3 best all-around apples. Fruit is large, yellow-green, flushed carmine red. Yellow flesh is quite sharp, juicy, crisp, aromatic, rich, robust, slightly honeyed, very good.  Intensely flavored, measures the highest in both sugars and acids. Ripens in early October, a month storage in a box will enable complex mellow flavors to start shining through. Use to end of Dec. Triploid, meaning pollen is sterile and can’t be used as a pollinator for other species. A vigorous spreading grower, somewhat scab resistant. Prone to cracking and unsightly russeting.

Lady (M26)

Variety from France. Grown in the Gardens of Louis XIII, Orleans, 1628. Fruit is small, and will hold on the tree well during and after ripening; yellow skin, brightly flushed red. Flesh is tender, crisp, very juicy, slightly perfumy.  Great for fresh eating, stores well, also used for cider. Excellent for use in wreaths! Harvest late Sept., use Dec. to end of Apr. Tree is low vigour, has upright habit, is slow to bear, often a biennial cropper.

Magness Pear (OHXF 87)

The only pear on our list! Originated in Beltsville, Maryland, by USDA. Released in 1968. Flesh soft, very juicy, almost free of grit cells, flavor sweet, highly perfumed, aromatic.

Mt. Sicker White (M7)

Canada, Westholme, BC. Found in 1990’s. Tree is likely a genetic clone of an earlier (named) variety. Based on our observations at the orchard, this is a lovely early ripening apple. Fruit is smaller, with pale yellow skin. Excellent crisp, white, juicy flesh with a bit of a sweet/sharp flavor. Help us to learn about this variety by growing it!

Mutsu (M111)

Japanese variety also known as Crispin. A versatile dual-purpose apple, sharp but still pleasant to eat fresh. Late harvesting, excellent storage apple as flavour improves with time. Greenish-yellow skin with sweet, white, crisp flesh. Triploid, meaning pollen is sterile and can’t be used as a pollinator for other species. Some susceptibility to apple scab, canker. Some resistance to mildew.

Northwest Greening (M9)

Fruit is medium-large, round, and has pale green skin with a hint of yellow. White flesh, tinged yellow, is quite sweet, juicy, firm, and slightly aromatic. Great for fresh eating or sauce, good storage apple. Ripens Oct., use Jan. to Apr. Tree is vigorous, upright, very hardy, slow to bear.

Orleans Reinette (M9, M26, M111)

Variety is from France, 1776. Fruit is medium sized, has gold skin, short red stripes, flushed orange-red, with russet patches. Flesh is firm, aromatic, very crisp, juicy, sweet, and has a distinctive rich nutty flavour. Great for fresh eating or sauce. Harvest mid-Oct., use Nov. to end Jan. Partially self-fertile. Tree is very hardy, bears young, but needs warm location for best flavour.  Susceptible to scab on a poor soil.

Tentation (M9)

A tastier Golden Delicious! A Golden Delicious cross, this fruit has a golden red blush on creamy yellow ground. Flesh has excellent, tart flavour at harvest, great eating after storage. Ripens later in the season, holds well on the tree.

Red Gloria Mundi (M7, M9)

European variety, c1700s. A Red variety of the more common Gloria Mundi. Large fruit, with white flesh, coarse, juicy, crisp, and slightly acid. Good fresh eating and sauce apple. Pick in early October, does not store particularly well.

Silken (M7)

One of the best early apples. Unique, white gold porcelain color. Crisp texture, outstanding combination of aromatic sweet/tart flavors. Bears at an early age. Not a storage apple.

Snow aka Fameuse (M7, M9)

Variety is from Quebec, Canada c1730. Fruit is medium-small blood red over pale greenish white. Flesh is soft, fine textured, very sweet, flavour light strawberry, reminiscent of a MacIntosh apple. Good fresh eating and cider apple. Harvest late Sep, early Oct. & use to end Dec. Tree is very hardy, often a biennial cropper.  Very susceptible to scab, very resistant to fireblight.

Sunrise (M7)

A McIntosh x Golden Delicious variety bred in BC. Fruit is small-medium, skin yellow & red.  Flesh is sweet, very juicy & crisp, mild flavoured.  Fresh eating apple, not a keeper or cooking apple. Harvest mid-Sep. Tree is hardy, bears young, a slight semi-spur habit. Immune to apple scab!

Tannenkrueger (M26)

Not much is known about this rare variety! Help us to learn more about it by growing it in your backyard. It is a vigorous, hardy, late ripening apple with very good flavour.

Triumph de Boskoop (M9)

A redder version of the Belle de Boskoop. Originated in Boskoop, Holland in 1856. Fruit is medium-large, with gold skin flushed orange, striped red & russeted. A rich combination of sweet and tart, whose juicy, firm, aromatic, flavour mellows on storage. Excellent dessert, cider, superior cooking and pie apple. Ripens in late October, stores all winter and improves in flavor in storage. Use December to April. Triploid, meaning pollen is sterile and can’t be used as a pollinator for other species. Somewhat scab resistant.

Watermelon (M7)

Large green apple, late ripening. Flavour is as name suggests, very reminiscent of melon. Kids love it! There is a variety called Melon that this could be related to, but this variety has a solid green skin. Help us find out more about this apple by growing it!

 

Rootstocks

*information from Orange Pippin rootstock description page.

A note about rootstocks: height, bearing age and life expectancy vary widely and depend on factors such as fruit variety, soil conditions & cultivation. Generally speaking, the more dwarfing the tree, the earlier it will bear, but the shorter it’s life and the more support & irrigation it will need. If you have the space & physical capacity, we highly recommend getting a larger tree. Future generations will thank you!

M7 rootstock

Mature height: semi-dwarf, 9ft-12ft Spacing: 10ft-12ft Bearing age: 3 years Life expectancy: 20-30 years Staking: Recommended in lighter soils

One of the original Malling series rootstocks, widely planted in North America, and noticeably more vigorous than M26.

M9 rootstock

Mature height: dwarf, 6ft-10ft Spacing: 3ft-7ft Bearing age: 2-3 years Life expectancy: 15-25 years Staking: Required

The most important dwarf apple rootstock, planted worldwide. Not hardy to cold climates, low resistance to fire blight.

Ground around the tree should be kept weed-free (e.g. mulched). Requires regular watering / irrigation.

M26 rootstock

Mature height: semi-dwarf, 8ft-12ft Spacing: 9ft-12ft Bearing age: 3 years Life expectancy: 20-30 years Staking: Recommended

The original Malling series semi-dwarf rootstock. Ground around the tree should be kept weed-free (e.g. mulched). Requires regular watering / irrigation.

MM111 rootstock

Mature height: semi-standard, 10ft-16ft Spacing: 12ft-18ft Bearing age: 4-5 years Life expectancy: 30+ years Staking: Not necessary

One of the most adaptable of all rootstocks, will grow in a very wide range of soil conditions. It is a good choice for a traditional orchard. Also noted for its good drought tolerance when mature – thanks to its extensive spreading root system. MM111 can be slow to come into bearing.

OHxF 87

A semi-vigorous PEAR rootstock, about 2/3 standard size.  Resistant to fire blight, crown rot, woolly pear aphids, and pear decline.  Precocious, well-anchored.