Have you been looking for a special tree that will be unique to you and help create memories of delicious fruit, cider and sauce for years to come? Do you want to help steward and protect the legacy of amazing apples that exist in our region? Do you want your purchase to support food access and food literacy programming in the CRD? We have the trees for you!

The Welland Community Orchard is a joint effort between the Town of View Royal and the LifeCycles Project Society. We have over 100 varieties of rare heritage apples in our community orchard, and together with many volunteers we have been busily caring for and propagating selected varieties from our collection. Our trees have been grown using only organic inputs, and are free of neonicotinoids and other toxic sprays. We’ll be digging trees late February into March as bare root trees, so place your orders now to secure the future fruit harvest you desire!

Our trees are priced at $60, with all funds being reinvested into our community programming at the orchard. View Royal residents receive a 25% discount, and community groups are also eligible for significant discounts, please contact us to discuss details.

*TREE SALES ARE BY PRE-ORDER ONLY* To purchase a tree, email us to reserve the variety and rootstock you’d like. We’ll be digging trees bare root for pickup on Sunday March 17th, payment is due at pick-up by cash or cheque.

We have a very limited quantities, so if you see a variety you’re interested in please contact us as soon as possible to secure your selection!

Contact welland@lifecyclesproject.ca or call (250) 383 5800 for more information and to place an order!

Note: We are also open to discussing custom grafting or scion orders from our entire orchard collection, as our capacity allows. For a complete list of the varieties that grow at the Welland Community Orchard click here.

Varieties Available Spring 2018

Apple & shipova varieties are listed below in two categories, 1 year and 2-3 year trees. We recommend purchasing as 2-3 year old tree as they tend to establish better, but 1 year old whips are suitable if you are training them in a particular style and want to get started early. Within each category, varieties are listed alphabetically, with the rootstock (size) they are available in following the name in brackets.

Some of the varieties below are ones that the founder of our orchard, Rex Welland, collected and named himself, others are very rare and we have little information on them. These are great trees for a true fruit enthusiast and we’d love your help growing them out and collecting information on them!

A complete list of rootstock descriptions is after the fruit variety list at the end of the variety list.

Fruit Varieties (Rootstock)

 ~ 2-3 year trees ~

Blenheim Orange (M11)

From Oxfordshire, c.1740. All-purpose apple for both fresh-eating and cooking. Freezes well. Large fruit with flushed orange-red skin. Flesh pale cream, quite sweet, crisp, nutty, flavor. Harvest late Sept to mid Oct, good storage capability. Triploid, meaning pollen is sterile and can’t be used as a pollinator for other species. Partial tip-bearer. Vigorous, slow to bear but crops well. Mildew resistant.

Chemainus Yellow (M9)

A local heritage variety! Likely found by Rex Welland the founder of our community orchard. Help us to learn more about this lovely apple by growing it! Based on our observations over the past few years, we know it is early ripening, and has a yellow skin. Likely similar to Yellow Transparent. Well adapted to the region.

Cortland (M111)

Developed in New York State in the late 1800s, with McIntosh parentage. Like a Mac, it has a soft, melting white flesh with a sweet, vinous flavour. Fruit resembles its parent. Ripens in October, primarily for fresh eating and juice.

Duncan Green (M9)

Another local variety likely found by Rex Welland. Help us to learn more about this lovely apple by growing it! Based on our observations, we know it is early ripening, and has a greenish yellow skin with some russeting. It’s a very reliable producer and is well adapted to the region. Doesn’t appear to be a good storage variety – eat it fresh from the tree!

False St. Lawrence (M9) SOLD OUT in 2019

A variety found and named by orchard founder Rex Welland. Likely similar in look and taste to the St. Lawrence, a classic variety discovered in the Montreal area in the 18th century. The real St. Lawrence is a mild-flavoured early- to mid-season apple with red stripes over a yellow background, and is thought to be a potential parent of the amazing McIntosh! Considered good for fresh eating, sauce and pies, not a storage apple. Try it out and let us know what you think!

Hall’s Pink (M111, M7) SOLD OUT in 2019

A unique and lovely apple. This is sometimes considered a red fleshed apple, but is only colourful in some years. The flavour is excellent, delicate, very juicy and with a firm, crisp flesh sometimes tinged pink or red. The skin is very thin. Early- to mid-season apple with early bloom time.

Kennedy’s Pear Shaped (M7, M9)

This variety is so rare there’s hardly any information about it! From what we’ve observed, this apple is a regular and abundant bearer. Fruit is oblong as the name suggests, with firm flesh which suggests an excellent baking apple and good keeper. Skin is green with some red blushing on the shoulders. Ripened mid-Sept in 2018. Did we say abundant?

Linda (M7) SOLD OUT in 2019

This dark red apple originates in Canada in 1908. It’s juicy, crisp flesh is said to have a refreshing strawberry flavour. Ripens mid-season.

Lyman’s Large (M111)

A U.S. heritage apple from the mid 1800s, this apple lives up to its name. Fruit is large, with green skin ripening to yellow. Flesh is firm, juicy and crisp, with full flavour for an early apple. Early ripening. Tip bearing.

Mutsu (M111)

Japanese variety also known as Crispin. A versatile dual-purpose apple, sharp but still pleasant to eat fresh. Late harvesting, excellent storage apple as flavour improves with time. Greenish-yellow skin with sweet, white, crisp flesh. Triploid, meaning pollen is sterile and can’t be used as a pollinator for other species. Some susceptibility to apple scab, canker. Some resistance to mildew.

Northwest Greening (M9)

Fruit is medium-large, round, and has pale green skin with a hint of yellow. White flesh, tinged yellow, is quite sweet, juicy, firm, and slightly aromatic. Great for fresh eating or sauce, good storage apple. Ripens Oct., use Jan. to Apr. Tree is vigorous, upright, very hardy, slow to bear.

Red Bramley’s Seedling (M9)

A redder version of the classic English cooking apple, first sown in the early 1800s. Flesh is crispy and juicy, with higher acidity leading to a strong apple flavour. Round fruit is medium-large with a green background and red blushing. Keeps well. Ripens mid- to late-season and is a riploid, meaning pollen is sterile and can’t be used as a pollinator for other species.

Red Gloria Mundi (M9)

European variety, c1700s. A Red variety of the more common Gloria Mundi. Large fruit, with white flesh, coarse, juicy, crisp, and slightly acid. Good fresh eating and sauce apple. Pick in early October, does not store particularly well.

Roxbury Russet (M111)

A long-standing favourite, this is considered one of the oldest ‘American’ apples, introduced in the early 17th century. Excellent flavour, with a sweet, firm flesh typical of russets. Yellow skin with russeting, and a good keeper. Ripens mid- to late-season and is a triploid.

St. Edmunds Pippin (M7, M9)

A classic russet variety, that ripens earlier than most. Flesh is dense, juicy and rich. Fruit is medium-sized with yellow-gold skin laced with russet. Ripens mid-season. Excellent fresh eating apple, good for juice and cider, not a good keeper.

Schoner von Herrenhut (M26)

A German apple found in the late 1800s. A juicy, sweet apple that is great for fresh eating and juicing. Ripens mid-season and a moderate keeper.

Silken (M7)

One of the best early apples! Unique, white gold porcelain color. Crisp texture, outstanding combination of aromatic sweet/tart flavors. Bears at an early age. Early ripening, but holds on the tree for a sustained harvest. Not a storage apple.

Snow aka Fameuse (M7, M9)

Variety is from Quebec, Canada c1730. Fruit is medium-small blood red over pale greenish white. Flesh is soft, fine textured, very sweet, flavour light strawberry, reminiscent of a MacIntosh apple. Good fresh eating and cider apple. Harvest late Sep, early Oct. & use to end Dec. Tree is very hardy, often a biennial cropper.  Very susceptible to scab, very resistant to fireblight.

Tentation (M9)

A tastier Golden Delicious! A Golden Delicious cross, this fruit has a golden red blush on creamy yellow ground. Flesh has excellent, tart flavour at harvest, great eating after storage. Ripens later in the season, holds well on the tree.

Triumph de Boskoop (M9)

A redder version of the Belle de Boskoop. Originated in Boskoop, Holland in 1856. Fruit is medium-large, with gold skin flushed orange, striped red & russeted. A rich combination of sweet and tart, whose juicy, firm, aromatic, flavour mellows on storage. Excellent dessert, cider, cooking and pie apple. Ripens in late October, stores all winter and improves in flavor in storage. Use December to April. Triploid, meaning pollen is sterile and can’t be used as a pollinator for other species. Somewhat scab resistant.

White Sinap (M111)

We believe this is also a find of Rex Welland’s, possibly named for it’s similarity to Kandil Sinap. Slightly oblong like the Kandil Sinap, but with a paler skin. Flesh is white and crisp, with a sweet honeyed flavour. An early- to mid-season ripening apple, in 2018 we were eating ours by end of August. A great find by Rex!

 

~ 1 year trees ~

 

Ashmead’s Kernal (M111)

An old variety originating in England in the 1700s. A unique apple whose flavour packs a real punch unlike any other. While considered one of the best tasting apples available, the fruits are often described as unattractive as they’re small with green to yellow skin and heavy russeting. Highly versatile, it’s flavour is wonderful off the tree, but also valued for juicing and cider. Flavour mellows and sweetens in storage. Ripens mid fall. While technically a diploid, it is often considered a triploid because it doesn’t pollinate other trees well. Resistant to apple scab.

Devonshire Quarrenden (M111, M9)

Our earliest apple in the orchard! And delicious to boot. This cute little red apple was widely grown in England during Victorian times. It’s a juicy, sweet, white flesh sometimes has a hint of strawberry and red striping in the flesh. An excellent apple to add to your collection! We harvested ours in late July in 2018. Not a storage apple. Demonstrates good disease resistance.

Golden Nugget (M7)

A Golden Russet and Cox’s Orange Pippin cross, this apple is one of our favourites for flavour. Flesh is firm, rich and sweet and excellent for fresh eating, cooking and cider. Fruit is small, yellow with orange streaks and russeting. Ripens mid-season, medium keeper.

Golden Russet (M7)

Originates in New England in the 19th century. This is a delicious, classic russet variety. It’s firm flesh is complex, with rich and juicy. It’s an exceptional storage apples, and considered a very good sweet cider apple. Great for fresh eating too! It’s yellow skin is covered with fine russeting. Good disease resistance.

King of Tompkins (M7) SOLD OUT in 2019

Originates in New England in the mid 1700s. A very classic U.S. heritage variety, this large fruit has a yellow background with red striping or flush. Kings are known for their high variability in appearance on the same tree. Flavour is excellent, with a crisp, juicy flesh and sweet, aromatic flavour with a nice bite. It’s a late season apple, and is considered excellent for fresh eating, cooking and cider.

Melrose (M7)

A younger heritage apple than our other selections, Melrose was introduced in 1944 in the U.S. and is Ohio’s State apple! It’s one of the best storage apples around, and is considered best to eat after Christmas. It’s a great fresh eater before, with mid-sized yellow/green skin with dark red streaks and some russet spots. Flesh is firm, coarse, juicy and is slightly acidic. Great for cooking and desserts. Reliable producer. A real crowd-pleaser!

Shipova (OHXF87)

An extremely rare and delicious treat! The shipova is an inter-genus cross between the Common Whitebeam (or Mt. Ash by some accounts) and European pear. Thought to have originated in Belgium in the 1600s. The fruit is small, with soft melting flesh similar to a pear. Flesh is smooth, melting, juicy and very sweet with rich fruity undertones – truly an incredible flavour. It is slow to bear, taking up to 12 years to bear fruit by some accounts, but once it gets started is a reliable producer and abundant producer. Is considered self-fertile but will bear much better if near a pear tree that has same bloom time (e.g. Bosc).

Winter Banana

A unique late season apple originating in the U.S. in the late 1800s. These large apples have a very distinctive bright yellow skin with a smooth solid red blush, usually on one shoulder. The flesh is firm, and the flavour is sweet and aromatic with, indeed, hints of banana when well ripened. Considered a very good pollinator, it can also serve as an interstem between pears and apples. Late ripening, though not a great keeper.

Rootstocks

*information from Orange Pippin rootstock description page.

A note about rootstocks: height, bearing age and life expectancy vary widely and depend on factors such as fruit variety, soil conditions & cultivation. Generally speaking, the more dwarfing the tree, the earlier it will bear, but the shorter it’s life and the more support & irrigation it will need. If you have the space & physical capacity, we highly recommend getting a larger tree. Future generations will thank you!

M7 rootstock

Mature height: semi-dwarf, 9ft-12ft Spacing: 10ft-12ft Bearing age: 3 years Life expectancy: 20-30 years Staking: Recommended in lighter soils

One of the original Malling series rootstocks, widely planted in North America, and noticeably more vigorous than M26.

M9 rootstock

Mature height: dwarf, 6ft-10ft Spacing: 3ft-7ft Bearing age: 2-3 years Life expectancy: 15-25 years Staking: Required

The most important dwarf apple rootstock, planted worldwide. Not hardy to cold climates, low resistance to fire blight.

Ground around the tree should be kept weed-free (e.g. mulched). Requires regular watering / irrigation.

M26 rootstock

Mature height: semi-dwarf, 8ft-12ft Spacing: 9ft-12ft Bearing age: 3 years Life expectancy: 20-30 years Staking: Recommended

The original Malling series semi-dwarf rootstock. Ground around the tree should be kept weed-free (e.g. mulched). Requires regular watering / irrigation.

MM111 rootstock

Mature height: semi-standard, 10ft-16ft Spacing: 12ft-18ft Bearing age: 4-5 years Life expectancy: 30+ years Staking: Not necessary

One of the most adaptable of all rootstocks, will grow in a very wide range of soil conditions. It is a good choice for a traditional orchard. Also noted for its good drought tolerance when mature – thanks to its extensive spreading root system. MM111 can be slow to come into bearing.

OHxF 87

A semi-vigorous PEAR rootstock, about 2/3 standard size.  Resistant to fire blight, crown rot, woolly pear aphids, and pear decline.  Precocious, well-anchored.